Fair Recommender Systems

In this project, we are investigating several questions of fairness and bias in recommender systems:

This is a part of our overall, ongoing goal to help make recommenders (and other AI systems) better for the people they affect. The key starting point to read about this research is our monograph.

Blog Posts and Other Coverage

Funding

Workshops and Meetings

I have been involved with several workshops, sessions, etc. related to fair recommendation.

Publications

ECIR24-i
2024

Michael D. Ekstrand, Lex Beattie, Maria Soledad Pera, and Henriette Cramer. 2024. Not Just Algorithms: Strategically Addressing Consumer Impacts in Information Retrieval. In Proceedings of the 46th European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR ’24, IR for Good track). Lecture Notes in Computer Science 14611:314–335. DOI 10.1007/978-3-031-56066-8_25. NSF PAR 10497110. Acceptance rate: 35.9%. Cited 4 times. Cited 2 times.

ECIR24-g
2024

Amifa Raj and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2024. Towards Optimizing Ranking in Grid-Layout for Provider-side Fairness. In Proceedings of the 46th European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR ’24, IR for Good track). Lecture Notes in Computer Science 14612:90–105. DOI 10.1007/978-3-031-56069-9_7. NSF PAR 10497109. Acceptance rate: 35.9%.

TORS23-v
2023

Jonathan Stray, Alon Halevy, Parisa Assar, Dylan Hadfield-Menell, Chloe Bakalar, Craig Boutilier, Amar Ashar, Lex Beattie, Michael Ekstrand, Claire Leibowicz, Connie Moon Sehat, Sara Johansen, Lianne Kerlin, David Vickrey, Spandana Singh, Sanne Vrijenhoek, Amy Zhang, Mckane Andrus, Natali Helberger, Polina Proutskova, Tanushree Mitra, and Nina Vasan. 2023. Building Human Values into Recommender Systems: An Interdisciplinary Synthesis. Transactions on Recommender Systems (November 13th, 2023). DOI 10.1145/3632297. arXiv:2207.10192 [cs.IR]. Cited 43 times.

TORS23
2024

Michael D. Ekstrand, Ben Carterette, and Fernando Diaz. 2024. Distributionally-Informed Recommender System Evaluation. Transactions on Recommender Systems 2(1) (March 7th, 2024), 6:1–27. DOI 10.1145/3613455. arXiv:2309.05892 [cs.IR]. NSF PAR 10461937. Cited 11 times. Cited 5 times.

FAccTRec23
2023

Amifa Raj and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2023. Towards Measuring Fairness in Grid Layout in Recommender Systems. Presented at the 6th FAccTrec Workshop on Responsible Recommendation (peer-reviewed but not archived). arXiv:2309.10271 [cs.IR]. Cited 1 time.

SIGIR23-q
2023

Amifa Raj, Bhaskar Mitra, Michael D. Ekstrand, and Nick Craswell. 2023. Patterns of Gender-Specializing Query Reformulation. Short paper in Proceedings of the 46th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR ’23). DOI 10.1145/3539618.3592034. arXiv:2304.13129. NSF PAR 10423689. Acceptance rate: 25.12%. Cited 2 times. Cited 1 time.

CHIIR23
2023

Christine Pinney, Amifa Raj, Alex Hanna, and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2023. Much Ado About Gender: Current Practices and Future Recommendations for Appropriate Gender-Aware Information Access. In Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval (CHIIR ’23). DOI 10.1145/3576840.3578316. arXiv:2301.04780. NSF PAR 10423693. Acceptance rate: 39.4%. Cited 14 times. Cited 10 times.

FAccTRec22
2022

Michael D. Ekstrand and Maria Soledad Pera. 2022. Matching Consumer Fairness Objectives & Strategies for RecSys. Presented at the 5th FAccTrec Workshop on Responsible Recommendation (peer-reviewed but not archived). arXiv:2209.02662 [cs.IR]. Cited 3 times. Cited 3 times.

SIGIR22
2022

Amifa Raj and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2022. Measuring Fairness in Ranked Results: An Analytical and Empirical Comparison. In Proceedings of the 45th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR ’22). pp. 726–736. DOI 10.1145/3477495.3532018. NSF PAR 10329880. Acceptance rate: 20%. Cited 49 times. Cited 35 times.

KidRec21
2021

Amifa Raj, Ashlee Milton, and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2021. Pink for Princesses, Blue for Superheroes: The Need to Examine Gender Stereotypes in Kids’ Products in Search and Recommendations. In Proceedings of the 5th International and Interdisciplinary Workshop on Children & Recommender Systems (KidRec ’21), at IDC 2021. arXiv:2105.09296. NSF PAR 10335669. Cited 8 times. Cited 5 times.

FnT22
2022

Michael D. Ekstrand, Anubrata Das, Robin Burke, and Fernando Diaz. 2022. Fairness in Information Access Systems. Foundations and Trends® in Information Retrieval 16(1–2) (July 11th, 2022), 1–177. DOI 10.1561/1500000079. arXiv:2105.05779 [cs.IR]. NSF PAR 10347630. Impact factor: 8. Cited 147 times. Cited 71 times.

AIMAG22
2022

Nasim Sonboli, Robin Burke, Michael Ekstrand, and Rishabh Mehrotra. 2022. The Multisided Complexity of Fairness in Recommender Systems. AI Magazine 43(2) (June 23rd, 2022), 164–176. DOI 10.1002/aaai.12054. NSF PAR 10334796. Cited 28 times. Cited 16 times.

RSHB3E
2022

Michael D. Ekstrand, Anubrata Das, Robin Burke, and Fernando Diaz. 2022. Fairness in Recommender Systems. In Recommender Systems Handbook (3rd edition). Francesco Ricci, Lior Roach, and Bracha Shapira, eds. Springer-Verlag. DOI 10.1007/978-1-0716-2197-4_18. ISBN 978-1-0716-2196-7. Cited 32 times. Cited 18 times.

UMUAI21
2021

Michael D. Ekstrand and Daniel Kluver. 2021. Exploring Author Gender in Book Rating and Recommendation. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 31(3) (February 4th, 2021), 377–420. DOI 10.1007/s11257-020-09284-2. arXiv:1808.07586v2. NSF PAR 10218853. Impact factor: 4.412. Cited 179 times. Cited 94 times (shared with RecSys18).

WWW21
2021

Ömer Kırnap, Fernando Diaz, Asia J. Biega, Michael D. Ekstrand, Ben Carterette, and Emine Yılmaz. 2021. Estimation of Fair Ranking Metrics with Incomplete Judgments. In Proceedings of The Web Conference 2021 (TheWebConf 2021). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3442381.3450080. arXiv:2108.05152. NSF PAR 10237411. Acceptance rate: 21%. Cited 40 times. Cited 33 times.

CIKM20-ee
2020

Fernando Diaz, Bhaskar Mitra, Michael D. Ekstrand, Asia J. Biega, and Ben Carterette. 2020. Evaluating Stochastic Rankings with Expected Exposure. In Proceedings of the 29th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM ’20). ACM, pp. 275–284. DOI 10.1145/3340531.3411962. arXiv:2004.13157 [cs.IR]. NSF PAR 10199451. Acceptance rate: 20%. Nominated for Best Long Paper. Cited 174 times. Cited 152 times.

FAccTRec20
2020

Amifa Raj, Connor Wood, Ananda Montoly, and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2020. Comparing Fair Ranking Metrics. Presented at the 3rd FAccTrec Workshop on Responsible Recommendation (peer-reviewed but not archived). arXiv:2009.01311 [cs.IR]. Cited 37 times. Cited 28 times.

⸘2020‽
2020

Asia J. Biega, Fernando Diaz, Michael D. Ekstrand, and Sebastian Kohlmeier. 2020. Overview of the TREC 2019 Fair Ranking Track. In The Twenty-Eighth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC 2019) Proceedings (TREC 2019). arXiv:2003.11650. Cited 44 times. Cited 14 times.

FORUM19
2019

Alexandra Olteanu, Jean Garcia-Gathright, Maarten de Rijke, Michael D. Ekstrand, Adam Roegiest, Aldo Lipani, Alex Beutel, Ana Lucic, Ana-Andreea Stoica, Anubrata Das, Asia Biega, Bart Voorn, Claudia Hauff, Damiano Spina, David Lewis, Douglas W Oard, Emine Yilmaz, Faegheh Hasibi, Gabriella Kazai, Graham McDonald, Hinda Haned, Iadh Ounis, Ilse van der Linden, Joris Baan, Kamuela N Lau, Krisztian Balog, Mahmoud Sayed, Maria Panteli, Mark Sanderson, Matthew Lease, Preethi Lahoti, and Toshihiro Kamishima. 2019. FACTS-IR: Fairness, Accountability, Confidentiality, Transparency, and Safety in Information Retrieval. SIGIR Forum 53(2) (December 12th, 2019), 20–43. DOI 10.1145/3458553.3458556. Cited 48 times. Cited 19 times.

RecSys18
2018

Michael D. Ekstrand, Mucun Tian, Mohammed R. Imran Kazi, Hoda Mehrpouyan, and Daniel Kluver. 2018. Exploring Author Gender in Book Rating and Recommendation. In Proceedings of the 12th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys ’18). ACM, pp. 242–250. DOI 10.1145/3240323.3240373. arXiv:1808.07586v1 [cs.IR]. Acceptance rate: 17.5%. Citations reported under UMUAI21. Citations reported under UMUAI21.

FAT18-ck
2018

Michael D. Ekstrand, Mucun Tian, Ion Madrazo Azpiazu, Jennifer D. Ekstrand, Oghenemaro Anuyah, David McNeill, and Maria Soledad Pera. 2018. All The Cool Kids, How Do They Fit In?: Popularity and Demographic Biases in Recommender Evaluation and Effectiveness. In Proceedings of the 1st Conference on Fairness, Accountability and Transparency (FAT* 2018). PMLR, Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 81:172–186. Acceptance rate: 24%. Cited 265 times. Cited 200 times.

RSPosters17
2017

Michael D. Ekstrand and Maria Soledad Pera. 2017. The Demographics of Cool: Popularity and Recommender Performance for Different Groups of Users. In RecSys 2017 Poster Proceedings. CEUR, Workshop Proceedings 1905. Cited 17 times. Cited 6 times.

Workshop Summaries

⸘2023‽
2023

Michael D. Ekstrand, Jean Garcia-Gathright, Nasim Sonboli, Amifa Raj, and Karlijn Dinnissen. 2023. FAccTRec 2023: The 6th Workshop on Responsible Recommendation. In Proceedings of the 17th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys ’23). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3604915.3608761.

⸘2021‽
2021

Michael D. Ekstrand, Pierre-Nicolas Schwab, Toshihiro Kamishima, and Nasim Sonboli. 2021. FAccTRec 2021: The 4th Workshop on Responsible Recommendation. In Proceedings of the 15th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys ’21). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3460231.3470932. Cited 1 time. Cited 1 time.

⸘2020‽
2020

Michael D. Ekstrand, Pierre-Nicolas Schwab, Jean Garcia-Gathright, Toshihiro Kamishima, and Nasim Sonboli. 2020. 3rd FATREC Workshop: Responsible Recommendation. In Proceedings of the 14th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys ’20). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3383313.3411538. Cited 5 times. Cited 5 times.

⸘2020‽
2020

Bamshad Mobasher, Stylani Kleanthous, Michael D. Ekstrand, Bettina Berendt, Janna Otterbacher, and Avital Schulner Tal. 2020. FairUMAP 2020: The 3rd Workshop on Fairness in User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization. In Proceedings of the 28th ACM Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP ’20). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3340631.3398671. Cited 5 times. Cited 2 times.

⸘2019‽
2019

Alexandra Olteanu, Jean Garcia-Gathright, Maarten de Rijke, and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2019. Workshop on Fairness, Accountability, Confidentiality, Transparency, and Safety in Information Retrieval (FACTS-IR). In Proceedings of the 42nd International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR ’19). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3331184.3331644. Cited 6 times.

⸘2019‽
2019

Bettina Berendt, Veronika Bogina, Robin Burke, Michael D. Ekstrand, Alan Hartman, Stylani Kleanthous, Tsvi Kuflik, Bamshad Mobasher, and Janna Otterbacher. 2019. FairUMAP 2019 Chairs’ Welcome Overview. In Adjunct Publication of the 27th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (UMAP ’19). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3314183.3323842.

⸘2018‽
2018

Toshihiro Kamishima, Pierre-Nicolas Schwab, and Michael D. Ekstrand. 2018. 2nd FATREC Workshop: Responsible Recommendation. In Proceedings of the 12th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys ’18). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3240323.3240335. Cited 12 times. Cited 10 times.

⸘2018‽
2018

Bamshad Mobasher, Robin Burke, Michael D. Ekstrand, and Bettina Berendt. 2018. UMAP 2018 Fairness in User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization (FairUMAP 2018) Chairs’ Welcome & Organization. In Adjunct Publication of the 26th Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization (UMAP ’18). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3213586.3226200.

⸘2017‽
2017

Michael D. Ekstrand and Amit Sharma. 2017. The FATREC Workshop on Responsible Recommendation. In Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Recommender Systems (RecSys ’17). ACM. DOI 10.1145/3109859.3109960. Cited 6 times. Cited 13 times.